Allen Abrams was stunned recently to get a phone call from someone who sounded like a legitimate I-R-S agent. He demanded a $5,000 tax payment within the hour or else.
Alan Abrams says, "I would be handcuffed and thrown in jail. It was absolutely the most terrifying thing I have experienced that I can remember."
This type of brazen attempted fraud has happened in nearly every state. Consumer Reports says the first red flag was the phone call. The I-R-S typically contacts you first by mail, not phone.
Tobie Stanger with Consumer Reports says, "Still, the imposters can be quite convincing. They often use phony names and IRS badge numbers. They even enlist accomplices who claim to be the police."
Another type of scam can come through texts and e-mails, which demand confidential information claimed to be missing from your tax return.
Tobie points out, "These so-called phishing schemes are aimed at getting important information like your Social Security number. That way the scam artist can steal your identity, and then they can claim your refund using a fraudulent tax return."
The IRS does not ask for personal information by e-mail or text, so these too are red flags.
Tobie recommends, "If you think you have gotten an email phishing for confidential information, send it to email@example.com. And if you get a suspicious phone call, report the incident to the authorities."
You can contact the Treasury Inspector General for Tax Administration at 1-800-366-4484. It may also be appropriate to alert the FBI. That's what Allen did after his accountant warned him the phone call was probably a scam.
If you're hiring a tax preparer, Consumer Reports warns don't fall for too-good to-be-true promises about a big refund or penalty reductions. Look for preparers who will sign your tax return themselves, as well as provide a Preparer Tax ID number.