"Lincoln," director Steven Spielberg's film about the 16th president and his battle to end slavery, topped the nominations for the 85th Academy Awards on Thursday, receiving 12 nods, including best picture.
Along with Spielberg, who picked up a best director nomination, the film earned picks for best actor (Daniel Day-Lewis), best supporting actress (Sally Field), best supporting actor (Tommy Lee Jones) and best adapted screenplay (Tony Kushner).
"Life of Pi" was second with 11 nominations, including best picture, best director (Ang Lee) and best adapted screenplay.
As always, there were a handful of surprises. The most notable, perhaps, was the showing by the small independent film "Beasts of the Southern Wild." Its 9-year-old star, Quvenzhane Wallis, earned a nomination for best actress, becoming the youngest person ever in that category. In addition, the film was nominated for best picture, best director (Benh Zeitlin) and best adapted screenplay -- four nominations in all.
Michael Haneke's film "Amour," about a husband and wife coping with the effects of a stroke and aging, also did strongly, receiving best picture, best director, best actress and best original screenplay nominations.
On other other hand, some expected nominations failed to pass. Neither Quentin Tarantino nor Kathryn Bigelow received best director nominations, though their films -- "Django Unchained" and "Zero Dark Thirty," respectively -- received best picture nominations. The snub of Bigelow, who won an Oscar for "The Hurt Locker," was particularly surprising, as she and her film have dominated critics' lists during awards season.
Tom Hooper, the director of the expansive musical "Les Miserables," also failed to be nominated, though his film received eight nods overall.
Along with "Lincoln," "Pi," "Beasts" and "Amour," the other best picture nominees are "Argo," "Django Unchained," "Zero Dark Thirty," "Silver Linings Playbook" and "Les Miserables."
The nominees for best actor are Day-Lewis ("Lincoln"), Hugh Jackman ("Les Miserables"), Denzel Washington ("Flight"), Joaquin Phoenix ("The Master") and Bradley Cooper ("Silver Linings Playbook").
The nominees for best actress are Wallis ("Beasts of the Southern Wild"), Jessica Chastain ("Zero Dark Thirty"), Jennifer Lawrence ("Silver Linings Playbook"), Naomi Watts ("The Impossible") and Emmanuelle Riva ("Amour").
The nominees for best supporting actor are Jones ("Lincoln"), Robert De Niro ("Silver Linings Playbook"), Philip Seymour Hoffman ("The Master"), Alan Arkin ("Argo") and Christoph Waltz ("Django Unchained").
The nominees for best supporting actress are Field ("Lincoln"), Amy Adams ("The Master"), Anne Hathaway ("Les Miserables"), Helen Hunt ("The Sessions") and Jacki Weaver ("Silver Linings Playbook").
The nominees for best director are Spielberg ("Lincoln"), Zeitlin ("Beasts of the Southern Wild"), David O. Russell ("Silver Linings Playbook"), Lee ("Life of Pi") and Haneke ("Amour").
The nominations were announced by Seth MacFarlane and Emma Stone. MacFarlane, the "Family Guy" mastermind who wrote and directed the hit "Ted," will host the Oscars, which are scheduled for February 24 on ABC. MacFarlane, known for his off-color humor, got off a couple of cracks at the nominations.
The show will air from the Dolby Theatre -- formerly known as the Kodak Theatre -- in Los Angeles.